Cargo refers to goods or merchandise protected by appropriate packaging that facilitates their efficient movement.
General cargo is a broad term that refers to manufactured products or packaged goods that do not require special transportation conditions. These can include items such as appliances, clothing, furniture, and electronics. General cargo is typically packed in standard containers, making it easy to handle and transport via ships, planes, and trucks. This category is subdivided into two forms: loose (unitless) and unitized.
This category covers substances that pose a potential risk to health, safety or the environment. This includes flammable, explosive, toxic materials and corrosive chemicals. The transportation of dangerous cargo is subject to strict regulations to ensure the safety of workers and the general public. The United Nations (UN) classifies dangerous cargo into nine categories based on its degree of danger:
Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides
Toxic substances and infectious substances
Miscellaneous dangerous substances and objects
It is one that includes certain items, mainly food items, that experience a natural deterioration in their physical, chemical and microbiological properties due to the passage of time and environmental conditions. Refers to products that require a controlled temperature to preserve their quality during transport. This includes perishable foods such as fruits, vegetables, dairy products and meat. Refrigerated containers, equipped with refrigeration systems, allow adequate conditions to be maintained during transit, ensuring that products arrive fresh and in good condition.
They include those elements that are susceptible to damage easily in case of exposure to vibrations, falls, impacts or careless handling during transport. Examples of fragile products are antiques, works of art, porcelain objects, glass items, ceramics, cast iron objects, radio and television tubes, and sculptures, among others.
Due to their particular attributes, each operation involving fragile cargo requires extreme caution, ranging from packaging to handling and transportation of said items.